March 2005

Copyright © 2005 World Expertise LLC – All rights reserved

A periodic electronic newsletter for engineering education leaders,

edited by Russel C. Jones, Ph.D., P.E., and Bethany S. Oberst, Ph.D.



1 - International developments

2 - US developments

3 - Distance education, technology

4 - Students, faculty, education

5 – Employment

6 – Journals

7 – Meetings



1 - International developments

International panel calls for large investment in African higher education – The Commission on Africa, established by UK Prime Minister Tony Blair, has recommended that the developed world make a long-term commitment to Africa by infusing at least $5 billion into its universities, reports Aisha Labi in The Chronicle of Higher Education. Members of the panel believe that the recent emphasis on elementary education has disturbed the balance needed to properly grow the educational spectrum in Africa . Once African universities received the lion’s share of education budgets, but now the pendulum has swung the other way, leaving them in a state of critical disrepair.  (See

Wolfowitz nominated for World Bank – US President George W. Bush has nominated Paul Wolfowitz to be the next president of the World Bank, according to an article by Greg Hitt and Greg Jaffe in the March 17th Wall Street Journal. Wolfowitz has been serving as deputy defense secretary, and has been a leading proponent of the Iraq war. The World Bank board traditionally defers to the US , the largest shareholder in the 184-nation institution, when it comes to the presidency. But Mr. Wolfowitz has been such a lightening rod for criticism around the world that his nomination could meet unusual resistance. Mr. Wolfowitz is quoted as saying: “I believe deeply in the mission of the World Bank. It is not just poor people who benefit when poverty is reduced. We all do.” (See

Indian Prime Minister backs NSF-like funding body – Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has endorsed the creation of an independent agency to support basic research, according to an article in the March 11 Science by Pallava Bagla. The proposed budget would be more than three times the amount the government is now spending on basic research support. The new National Science and Engineering Research Foundation, aimed at reversing a rapid decline in Indian science, would manage its own accounts and be run by scientists. The proposed annual budget of $250-million would dwarf the $72-million now being spent by the Science and Engineering Research Council. (See

Indian government cracks down on private colleges – Three years ago the Indian State of Chhattisgarh, under pressure to provide more seats in universities for its population, passed a law opening the door to private higher education, but neglecting to establish quality control mechanisms. The result was a flood of storefront colleges offering questionable courses.  Now India ’s Supreme Court has overturned that law and suspended the operations of all private colleges in that state, affecting the future of 20,000 students.  The closed universities were advised to contact the government run universities in Chhattisgarh to protect the rights of those students, writes Shailaja Neelakantan in The Chronicle of Higher Education. (See

India’s R&D: reaching for the top – In an essay in the March 4th Science, Raghunath Mashelkar recalls a prediction that he made while president of the Indian Science Congress: “The next century will belong to India, which will become a unique intellectual and economic power to reckon with, recapturing all its glory, which it had in the millennia gone by”. In his essay he focuses on the importance of returnees to poor countries such as India, examines how demographic shifts are creating shortages of skilled scientists and engineers in developed countries – leading to a new dynamic in human capital that is enabling some developing countries to emerge as global R&D hubs – and addresses ways in which global funding sources can be leveraged in such countries to create new knowledge devoted to the global good. (See

Maori university in New Zealand accused of misconduct – Te Wananga o Aotearoa, the University of New Zealand , enrolls about 34,000 students and has a budget of about $180-million.  Its students are two-thirds Maori, and many of them are giving college a second try after disappointing results in more traditional institutions. Now, writes David Cohen in The Chronicle of Higher Education, Aotearoa is under strong criticism from the New Zealand Parliament for low academic standards, mis-spending, nepotism and fraud.  While the university says it will appoint auditors to examine the criticisms, a member of Parliament wants the case handed over to the High Court, where a more thorough accounting can be made. (See

Regional universities in Mexico create collaborative group – In a significant attempt to decentralize the attraction of Mexico City, eight regional universities in Mexico have banded together to showcase their strengths and to share resources, writes Marion Lloyd for The Chronicle of Higher Education.  The new group will hold other applicant institutions to the same high standards they demonstrated in the recent National System of Evaluation and Accreditation. (See

After failures, Japanese space effort gets a lift – The successful launch and deployment of a weather satellite over the Pacific has restored morale to a Japanese rocketry program battered by its rival in China , which launched an astronaut into orbit in 2003 and plans to orbit satellites around the moon in 2007. According to an article in the February 27th New York Times by James Brooke, three of Japan ’s previous 13 launches ended in failure, dampening its dreams of entering the commercial satellite launch business. Japan ’s program, run by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, is one of the world’s few rocket programs that is not an offshoot of a military missile program – but it may take on military significance as Japan joins with the US in a major missile defense program. (See  

Turkey grants amnesty to expelled students – In a move that has a number of historical precedents, Turkey ’s parliament passed a bill granting amnesty to all 677,000 students who had been dismissed from universities since June 29, 2000 , for whatever reason. Students would have one year and three chances to pass any failed or missed examinations.  University and college officials are outraged that the legislature would interfere with their academic policies.  Some critics accused the government of trying to help women who had been expelled for wearing headscarves, which are banned in Turkey ’s universities.  The impact in terms of numbers is expected to be small.  Previously under such programs only about 5% of the students who returned ever graduated, reports Burton Bollag in The Chronicle of Higher Education. (See

Canadian Grants Council concerned with funding level – Research no longer carries the political clout it once did, according to Canadian science policy makers looking at the new budget recently outlined by the government. According to an article in the March 4th Science by Wayne Kondro, a government promise to double Canada’s research effort by 2010 and put science at the top of the agenda has been undermined by small increases for the country’s three granting councils. The council chairs say that the result will likely be fewer grants, smaller awards, and less support for training the next generation of scientists. The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council had asked for an increase of $64-million, but is allocated only $18-million in the budget – 3.3% increase in its current $522-million budget. The political winds have apparently shifted from support for science and technology to retooling the military and tax cuts. (See

South Korean reforms would shake up Science Institute – The Korean government was looking for fresh ideas when it hired physics Nobelist Robert Laughlin as president of the Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) last summer. But according to an article by Mark Russell in the February 25th Science, it may have gotten more than it bargained for. Laughlin has floated a plan to cure the prestigious institution of its “addiction” to government subsidies. His prescription – more undergraduates, higher tuition, and courses that appeal to nonscience majors – has been largely denounced by faculty members as a danger to KAIST. Critics say that Laughlin has ignored an existing 10-year plan aimed at achieving financial independence. (See

New Zealand targets big increase for research – The government of New Zealand has given a large infusion of money to support research in its universities in an attempt to restore the prominence the country once had as one of the leading economies of the world.  The money is coming at a price, however: the government also undertook to evaluate the research activities of 5570 scholars from 22 institutions, and gave out grades from “world class” to “inactive.”  David Cohen wrote this report for The Chronicle of Higher Education. (


2 - US developments

Hopkins physicist/engineer tapped to head NASA – President Bush has named Johns Hopkins University physicist and engineer Michael Griffin to serve as administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, according to an article in the March 12th Washington Post by Guy Gugliotta. Griffin is a devotee of human space travel, and has previously served as NASA’s chief engineer and its associate administrator for exploration. If confirmed, he would join NASA at a time of tension and turmoil: the first launch of the space shuttle sine the Columbia disaster, and proposed policy shifts to pursue Bush’s “Vision for Space Exploration”. (See

Report aims at bringing US higher ed back on track – “Correcting Course: How We Can Restore the Ideals of Public Higher Education in a Market-Driven Era” is the title of a new report from the Futures Project (USA).  US public higher education is plagued with rising costs and escalating tuition, limited financial aid, too few measures of success, and research funding that is increasingly supported by industry rather than the government, writes Michelle Diament for The Chronicle of Higher Education. This is leading to institutions competing for two types of students: those who will raise the profile in the popular college rankings and those who can afford to pay full tuition.  The report is available at  (See

National Academy of Engineering Awards – The 2005 Bernard M. Gordon Prize for Innovation in Engineering and Technology Education has been awarded to Purdue University ’s Engineering Projects in Community Service Program (EPICS) and to recipients Leah Jamison, William Oakes and Edward Coyle. The 2005 Charles Stark Draper Prize, which is awarded for the advancement of engineering and to improve public understanding of the importance of engineering technology, has been awarded to Minoru Araki, Francis Madden, Edward Miller, James Plummer and Don Schoessler for the design, development and operation of Corona – the first space-based earth observation system. Both prizes include significant cash awards. (See 

Engineers win US national honors – President George Bush announced the eight  winners of the National Medal of Science (USA), a list which included John M. Prausnitz, professor of chemical engineering at the University of California at Berkeley , writes Kellie Bartlett in The Chronicle of Higher Education. Also announced were two winners of the National Medal of Technology, Jan D. Achenbach, mechanical engineering at Northwestern University , and Watts S. Humphrey, fellow at Carnegie Mellon University ’s Software Engineering Institute. (See

Critics say NIH over-funds bioterrorism research – The US National Institutes of Health came under attack recently for misplaced priorities, when 760 people – mostly from universities – signed a letter saying that there had been a huge influx of money for bioterrorism research and a corresponding drop in research into other kinds of pathogens.  By comparison, 22 people became sick during the anthrax attacks, with five dying, while every year thousands of people die from diseases such as gonorrhea and tuberculosis.  The head of the NIH’s research on bioterrorism, Anthony Fauci, denied that the extra money infused into his programs was out of proportion or that it was provided at the expense of other programs, writes Jeffrey Brainard in The Chronicle of Higher Education. (See

Battelle abandons Los Alamos bid – The Battelle Memorial Institute has joined Lockheed Martin Corporation, Texas A & M, and the University of Texas and withdrawn from competition to manage the Los Alamos National Laboratory.  The University of California , which manages the lab, has in the past several years been criticized for mismanagement, prompting the US Energy Department to open the contract to competitive bids.  Now it appears that the UC may retain the contact, for lack of competition, writes Kelly Field in The Chronicle of Higher Education.  (See

No high schooler left behind – New US Secretary of Education, Margaret Spellings, is charged with extending President Bush’s “No Child Left Behind” program to the upper grades, according to an article in the March 14th Business week by Richard Dunham and William Symonds. Her plans include requiring school districts to test high school students three times instead of the current one, adding funds for programs to help “at risk” students meet the No Child act’s higher standards, and eliminating or drastically reducing funding for about 50 Education Department programs to rechannel money to larger special education grants for states and an incentive fund to attract teachers to low-income schools. Motivation for the increased focus on high school students comes from the business community, where leaders have been arguing that US high school students must improve their math, science, and writing skills for the US to remain competitive in the global marketplace. (See

US visa program improves service The US Visa Mantis program was created in 1998 to prevent the illegal export of sensitive technologies.  After 9/11 its application became more stringent resulting in huge backlogs of foreign students, scholars and business people waiting for background checks required for clearance from the US government. A recent report by the Government Accountability Office, reports Silla Brush for The Chronicle of Higher Education, says that delays have been cut from an average of 67 days to 15 days, and may drop further if negotiations with the Chinese government are successful.  The reduction in waiting time was brought about by new investment in a database, better communication, more employees, and the elimination of Federal Bureau of Investigation checks prior to State Department clearance.  Now, the negotiations with the Chinese involve increasing the length of visa stays from six months to one year.  Because of the disproportionate number of Chinese who enter the US under the Visa Mantis program, success in this area may result in another drop in the average rate of processing.  (See

US university pays fine for improper reporting – Florida International University (USA) recently agreed to pay the US government $11.5 million to settle claims that it improperly documented the use of faculty time in work associated with grants at its Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology, reports Jeffrey Brainard in The Chronicle of Higher Education. The quality of the work was not in question: several people associated with the management of the grants have been replaced.  (See


3 - Distance education, technology

The real digital divide – The cover story in the March 12-18 issue of The Economist asserts that encouraging the spread of mobile phones – not plugging poor countries into the Internet -- is the most sensible and effective response to the digital divide. The digital divide is not a problem in itself, but a symptom of deeper, more important divides: of income, development and literacy. Evidence suggest that the mobile phone is the technology with the greatest impact on development, raising long-term growth rates: an extra ten phones per 100 people in a typical developing country increases GDP growth by 0.6 percentage points. Mobile phones – unlike computers – do not rely on permanent electricity and can be used by people who cannot read and write. And a new report from the World Bank indicates that 77% of the world’s population already lives within range of a mobile network. (See

Students hack admissions computer files – The computers of six prestigious US business schools were recently “accessed” illegally by students attempting to find out early whether they had been admitted.  Harvard, Carnegie Mellon and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology quickly said that they would not admit any of those students, but other institutions were not so hasty, saying that the students had not been able to access the files of anyone else, and had gained access through following a protocol posted on a website, writes Dan Carnevale in The Chronicle of Higher Education. (See

Companies seek to hold software makers liable – Major technology users, fed up with spending millions of dollars to fix problems caused by software, are seeking to press software makers to assume responsibility for the faults and pick up some of the costs. According to an article by David Bank in the February 24th Wall Street Journal, the moves are aimed at making tech companies such as Microsoft Corporation rethink the way they write and sell software. Companies such as General Motors, AT&T, and Alcoa say that software vendors should stand behind their products much as sellers of other products and services do. Until now, most software makers have sold their products on the condition that they won’t be held liable if flaws cause damage, be it from computer crashes or from virus attacks that exploit faults. The cost of repairing such flaws, or of reimbursing customers harmed by hacker attacks or viruses, could cost vendors many millions of dollars. (See

New interdisciplinary super-computing center opens – A collaboration between the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Duke University and North Carolina State University has created the Renaissance Computing Institute, whose new director, Daniel A. Reed, wants to put super-fast computing and database mining in the service of projects ranging from the fine arts to genetics, reports Andrea L. Foster in The Chronicle of Higher Education.  At one level, this is an economic development effort which will involve industry and hopefully develop products that will revitalize the region’s economy.  At another level, it is one of a small group of such projects, but which differentiates itself by its broad interdisciplinary thrust.  Mr. Reed is known for his ability to obtain funding.  He believes that universities are fundamentally conservative, with innovation supported only at the very top and at the bottom, with impediments at the dean and department chair levels. His institute should permit really creative thinkers to realize their dreams, aided by the power of super-computing.  (See


4 - Students, faculty, education

Impact of internationalization on universities studied The Economist recently (February 24, 2005) published a long article on “Free degrees to fly,” a discussion of the future of higher education around the world in light of internationalization and the resulting competition.  The fact that there are so many new options for pursuing higher learning and that students can increasingly vote with their feet is forcing individual institutions and whole countries to assess what they are doing and where they will operate to maximize resources.  According to this article, a competitive university is not necessarily run on a corporate model.  But the reporter suggests that weak institutions be left to decline, rather than being shored up by public funds.  Old-style universities in the UK and Europe are seen to be in a particularly vulnerable position, and even harming the overall enterprise.  They are subject to excessive control, but never to the point that it can’t be tolerated.  (See

A click away – The March issue of ASEE Prism includes a feature article on how K-12 teachers and engineering colleges are reaching out to youngsters through an exciting new collection of web based hands-on lessons and activities. Written by Barbara Mathias-Riegel, the article describes a new K-12 Teach Engineering (TE) digital library developed with NSF funds. At, teachers and students can access hands-on lessons and activities involving science and math concepts for young students. The project was developed under the umbrella of the National Science Digital Library (NSDL), and involved several engineering schools under the leadership of Jacquelyn Sullivan at the University of Colorado-Boulder. TE addresses teacher’s need to have their curriculum meet state standards in math and science. (See

US governors, business leaders, join to urge college/school collaboration – The US National Governors Association and members of Achieve, a nonprofit group of governors and business leaders, met in Washington in late February to set an action agenda that would induce colleges and public schools to work together more closely.  The most controversial of items on their agenda was a recommendation that states unify the governance of public elementary and secondary schools and public higher education.  The meeting also endorsed programs that permit high school students to earn college credit prior to admission.  Reporting for The Chronicle of Higher Education, Sara Hebel wrote that only 20% of high school freshmen receive a college degree in a timely fashion.  (See

Who says a woman can’t be Einstein? – The cover story in the March 7 Time by Amanda Ripley addresses the math myth – the real truth about women’s brains and the gender gap in science. The author states that men’s and women’s brains are different, but cites new research that upends the old myths about who is good at what. The great majority of scientists and engineers in the US are men, but that has less to do with differences in the brain than with academic history – and the balance is changing slowly as more women pursue advanced degrees. Young boys and girls do not differ much on math tests, but that small gap grows in adolescence; but that does not make either sex smarter in math or the other sciences. Men do their thinking in more focused regions of the brain, whether they are solving a math problem, reading a book or feeling a wave of anger or sadness. In an associated article, Pat Galloway – CEO of a successful consulting engineering company and immediate past president of the American Society of Civil Engineers – tells of the obstacles she had to overcome to rise to the top in her engineering career. (See

Controversy makes the case for mentoring women – The storm created by Harvard President Lawrence Summers’ comments about women and science has led to much thoughtful public discussion, according to a note by Carol Muller in Mentor-Net News. Among other things, it has made a strong case for the need to mentor women in engineering and science. If people believe that there are intrinsic gender differences, they will expect less of women and question their abilities and achievements. This does not lead to an environment where women can easily be self-confident and flourish. Mentoring can help foster the self-confidence that it takes to succeed. (See

Study refutes some misconceptions about affirmative action – The state of Texas by law admits the top 10% of its high school graduates into any of its public colleges.  Two researchers recently attempted to test out the truth behind criticisms that policies of this type puts students in over their heads academically, and that students admitted under these conditions were stigmatized as inferior, thus placing them under debilitating psychological pressure that affects their college performance.  Douglas S. Massey and Mary J. Fischer gathered data from 28 selective colleges.  Peter Schmidt, writing for The Chronicle of Higher Education, says that the results disprove the notion that students were put in over their heads through such admissions policies, but that there appears to be a sense of stigmatization which grows as the students progress through their college careers. This effect, they point out, can be countered by such strategies as hiring more minority faculty members.  (See

The new SAT is bigger – is it better? – The March 12th offering of the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) unveiled the biggest change in the test in a generation, according to an article in the March 14th US News and World Report by Justin Ewers. The verbal section has been dramatically rejiggered, dropping analogies and adding short reading passages. The math section has been changed by elimination of quantitative comparison questions in favor of more advanced math. Stealing the spotlight, though, is the test’s new writing component – a 60 minute section which includes multiple choice questions on improving sentences and identifying errors in diction or grammar, as well as a 25 minute essay. The essays will be graded on a scale of 1 to 6 by some 10,000 high school English teachers and college professors trained to evaluate student work. The changes were at least partially precipitated in 2001 by then President of the University of California , Richard Atkinson, who argued that testing what students have previously learned in class was more predictive of success in college than were aptitude tests like the old SAT. (See  

In praise of aptitude tests – An article in the March 12-18 The Economist reviews the changes in the new Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) and concludes that the old version was better. The new test puts less emphasis on abstract reasoning and more on what students have learned in the classroom – changing the focus from measuring raw ability to a test of academic achievement. Tracing the history of development of the SAT, the article notes that it created an academic and social revolution by measuring student’s real ability rather than their acquired polish – allowing poorer children to be admitted to universities and on to the kind of jobs that had previously been reserved for a Wasp elite. One of the greatest dangers of the new SATs is that they will end up being more socially exclusive than the old ones – as middle class children from high quality schools will surely have a big advantage in taking tests that emphasize algebra and essay writing. (See

Learning and information literacy – Writing in the March/Aril issue of Change, Patricia Senn Breivik states that it has become one of education’s greatest challenges to teach students the skills needed to test the reliability, currency, and relevance of the information they find. Today’s students live in a world where a tidal wave of information bombards them from the time they turn on the television in the morning until the moment they turn off the computer before they go to sleep. In between they gather information from messages on cell phones, books, magazines, DVDs, e-mails, chat rooms, and a multitude of other sources. But how reliable is all that information? It is the responsibility of the education system to teach students critical thinking skills that will help them determine where to find information, and to test its reliability, currency, and relevance. In other words, to be prepared for the 21st century today’s students need to be “Information literate”. (See

Prominent US educator calls for abandonment of Ed.D. degree – Arthur E. Levine, president of Columbia University ’s Teachers College, issued a report blasting the Ed.D. degree, saying that university programs in educational leadership ranged from “inadequate to appalling,” writes Jennifer Jacobson in The Chronicle of Higher Education.  His report is based on four years of study, surveys, and case studies.  It was published by the Education Schools Project which Mr. Levine heads, and was funded by organizations such as the Ford Foundation and the Annenberg Foundation.  Levine calls for the elimination of the Ed.D. degree, replacing it with a terminal master’s degree combining management and education. The report was strongly opposed by many prominent education leaders. (See

US Defense Department surveys academy sex assaults – One woman in seven at the nation’s military academies last spring said she had been sexually assaulted since becoming a cadet or midshipman, according to a survey of sexual misconduct recently released by the Defense Department. As reported in the Washington Post by Daniel de Vise, more than half of the women studying at the Naval, Air Force and Army academies reported experiencing some form of sexual harassment on campus – but few of those incidents, and only a third of the assaults, were reported to authorities. The survey, conducted largely in response to allegations of widespread sexual harassment and assault at the Air Force Academy in 2003, suggests a prevailing climate at the academies that worries military leaders. A new confidentiality policy for assault victims, recently released by the Defense Department, attempts to improve reporting of sex crimes on military campuses. (See


5 – Employment

Outsourcing innovation – The cover story in the March 21st Business Week, by Pete Engardio and Bruce Einhorn, is a special report on outsourcing innovation. The authors observe that first came manufacturing, then routine technical work, and now companies are farming out R&D to cut costs and get new products to market faster. CEO’s are rethinking their R&D operations, wondering where mission-critical research ends and commodity work begins. Underlying this trend is a growing consensus that more innovation in vital – but that current R&D spending is not yielding enough bang for the buck. Companies are farming out the design of more new products as research and development budgets account for a smaller percentage of sales. Taiwan and India are emerging as heavyweights in design. But most companies insist that they will continue to do most of the critical R&D and design work at home. (See

You can be replaced!  Yes, you!  According to John C. Miller, director of the Algebra Courseware Project at the City College in New York, even now there are computer programmers, probably in India, writing software which can deliver a sequential math course that will have the advantage of being entirely self-paced, thus preventing boredom at any point in the course.  Since it costs an estimated $50 billion annually to teach pre-algebra through elementary calculus, mostly salaries, a well-crafted program would be very attractive to institutions interested in cost cutting, writes Jamilah Evelyn in The Chronicle of Higher Education. (See

India poaches US executives for tech jobs – Indian software companies and other Indian outsourcing companies are becoming more profitable as demand for their low-cost services increase, and such growing financial clout is allowing them to woo Western executives – especially with higher salaries. According to an article by Jay Solomon in the February 22nd Wall Street Journal, headhunters working for Indian companies say their clients have to pay a premium to attract US talent due to their companies’ lower profiles and limited track records. Many Indian businessmen say these Western executives can help their companies penetrate overseas markets and help put in place systems to manage their growth. Indian companies are recruiting at a time when Western workers are worried about losing their jobs at US companies as their positions are outsourced overseas – offering a degree of job security that is harder to come by in job-short Silicon Valley. (See

Hiring of women in physics mirrors availability – The American Institute of Physics reports that based on their latest data, women in the US are being hired as physics professors at about the same rate as women are graduating with physics doctorates, writes Robin Wilson for The Chronicle of Higher Education.  This contrasts to the situation in chemistry and the biological sciences, where hiring of women has not kept pace with the awarding of doctorates.  The gender gap in physics appears earlier, in the drop off between the number of women who study physics in high school and the number who major in physics in college.  (See

Women outnumber men in engineering in Gulf state – The United Arab Emirates has more women engineering students than men, according to the Khaleej Times (February 24, 2005, p. 6), but only a very small number of those are engaged in technical careers.  Recently Schlumberger and the UAE University organized a Women in Engineering and Technology Forum to tell women students about employment opportunities. This is the first meeting of its kind in the Middle East and there are plans to offer it also in other Gulf Cooperative Council countries.


6 – Journals

Journal of STEM Education – The current issue of this electronic journal focuses on resources for pre-college education. Guest editor Steve Watkins has assembled papers on pre-college preparation of students to study science, technology, engineering and mathematics at the college level – including outreach efforts in the early grades. (See   


7 – Meetings

WFEO 7th World Congress on Engineering Education – The Committee on Education and Training of the World Federation of Engineering Organizations is organizing a conference on 4-8 March 2006 in Budapest , Hungary . The theme is “Mobility of Engineers”, and papers are being sought on accreditation, equivalence agreements, licensing, and mobility for students and for graduate engineers. Abstracts are sought by March 31st 2005 . (See [Note: this is a corrected web address – the one listed in the January Digest was in error]



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